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The guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) is a well known friend animal and a common research model.

Key Points

  • Intact guinea that is female are “sows” and intact males are “boars”.
  • Mature boars have actually distinct scrotal pouches and big testes.
  • Male guinea pigs have actually a few sex that is accessory, including big, paired seminal vesicles or vesicular glands, which is often seen erroneously as uterine horns.
  • Puberty does occur at around 2 months in females and between 2-3 months in men.
  • The symphysis that is pubic within the last few times of maternity.
  • Separation for the pubic symphysis may be inadequate in sows bred after 7-8 months of age and dystocia can lead to these people. Other possible factors behind dystocia consist of obesity and fetal size that is large.
  • Sows frequently give delivery to 2-4 big, precocial pups. Other rodent types generally speaking have actually large litters.
  • Pregnancy toxemia is definitely a essential reason behind perinatal mortality in guinea pigs. This problem is frequently noticed in primiparous, overweight sows in belated gestation. The prognosis is generally guarded. Minmise the chance of maternity toxemia by motivating workout, preventing obesity, and minimizing stress when you look at the sow that is pregnant.
  • Unilateral or bilateral cysts that are ovarian quite typical, especially in older sows.
  • Ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy is advised to stop the introduction of ovarian cysts as well as other reproductive issues in non-breeding friend sows.

Introduction

Guinea pigs are helpful in reproductive studies since they share numerous traits that are reproductive humans (Fig 1). 26 Like people, guinea pigs have a very hemochorial placenta, in which maternal bloodstream is available in direct experience of the fetal chorion, along with comparable trophoblast intrusion habits and uterine vasculature that is comparable. 20 , 23 , 26 The guinea pig’s gestation duration can certainly be split into trimesters, analogous into the condition that is human. 26 needless to say, some attributes of guinea pig reproductive anatomy and physiology are distributed to other people of purchase Rodentia, as well as other features are unique for this unique species. This article product reviews physiology and physiology regarding the guinea pig tract that is reproductive summarizes some clinically significant medical issues.

Figure 1.Guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) are helpful in several studies that are reproductive.

Intact male guinea pigs, or “boars”, enter puberty between 70-90 times, nevertheless men commence to show intimate behavior, such as for example mounting, at four weeks of age. 9 , 17 , 23 At 2 months, boars commence to ejaculate while mounting. 23 Expression of sexual behavior and real development is notably suppressed in the event that boar is housed along with its mom and/or siblings. 11

Boars are usually bigger than females, with both sexes having a pair that is single of mammae. 5 Mature boars have big, paired testes, that are found on either region of the perineum in distinct, superficial scrotal sacs (Fig 2). 5 , 9 , 23 The testicles are frequently completely descended in to the scrotum by 81 times. 2 In the event that testes never have descended by 4 months of age, the guinea pig is highly recommended cryptorchid. 9 The inguinal canals remain available for life. 9 , 19 to avoid herniation post-castration, numerous clinicians use a closed strategy or a modified available method, where in actuality the tunica is included into the suture which is used to connect from the spermatic cable and vessels. 32

Figure image that is 2.Gross of testicle (arrow) in an adult boar (Cavia porcellus). The epididymis lies across the surface that is dorsolateral of testis. The end associated with the epididymis offers increase towards the ductus deferens. Credit: Drury Reavill, DVM, DABVP (Avian Training), DACVP. Click image to expand.

Clinical Suggestion: Although big, paired testes are clear in mature boars, sex identification may be challenging in young pups. In the event that testicles aren’t obvious, sexing are facilitated by putting pressure that is gentle the bottom associated with prepuce to partially extrude your penis. 23

The penis that is s-shaped of a human anatomy and glans. Guinea pigs have an os penis, which will be found inside the dorsal area regarding the whole amount of the glans. 9 , 19 Like many hystricomorph rodents, your penis even offers moment, saw-toothed spurs that are white dorsolaterally in 2 synchronous lines through the urethral orifice into the glans. Addititionally there is an intromittent sac on the ventral area for the glans penis. 9 During erection, the sac everts and two styles that are horny. 5 , 9 , 23 the big event among these 3-5 mm long projections is unknown. 9

Male glands that are reproductive the seminal vesicles (vesicular glands), coagulating glands, bulbourethral glands, plus the prostate (Fig 3). 5 , 27 A rudimentary gland that is preputial additionally be contained in the boar. 9

Figure 3.

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